Army

Abandon 'arrogant' troop cuts in light of Ukraine war, MOD told

MPs have called for military plans under 2021's Integrated Review to be redrawn after Russia's invasion.

Planned cuts to the size of the British Army must be abandoned at a time of "open war" in Europe, MPs have said.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) and military top brass risk looking "arrogant and unwilling to learn lessons" unless plans contained in key Government foreign policy and security policy documents are redrawn in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan, the cross-party Commons Defence Committee said.

The committee is "especially concerned" about a planned 9,000 troop cut in the size of the Army, not only because of the war in Europe but also because the military is increasingly being called on domestically to relieve "exceptional pressure on public services".

Hundreds of personnel have been called to assist with the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games, which begins today.

The MPs were responding to a series of Government papers setting out foreign and defence policy, including the sweeping Integrated Review which set out Boris Johnson's vision for a global Britain tilting towards the Indo-Pacific region and away from Europe.

The committee warned "the impact of both the Afghan withdrawal and the Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine are being seemingly dismissed as insignificant and there appears to be no intention to revisit the conclusions of the documents".

"UK defence thus appears… arrogant and unwilling to learn lessons," the MPs said, adding that the events of the last 12 months demonstrate the Government was "manifestly not prepared" for major international crises.

Watch from 2021: What is the Integrated Review?

The size of the regular Army is set to fall from the commitment of 82,000 made in 2015 to 73,000 by 2025 under current plans.

But the MPs warned that as well as their key defence role, the Armed Forces are being used as "backfill" to carry out civilian tasks by Whitehall departments "seemingly unable to respond to crises".

Defence Committee chairman Tobias Ellwood said: "In these uncertain times, our capabilities and readiness must be ironclad.

"With open war raging in Europe, widespread economic instability and the catastrophic Afghanistan withdrawal underscoring the Government's lack of preparedness for international crises, we must be clear-eyed about the challenges ahead."

He added: "It is clear that now is not the time for personnel cuts or budget shortfalls in our Armed Forces."

Mr Ellwood told Forces News the UK has gifted so much equipment to Ukraine that it would have a "shortfall" of its own, were it to tackle Russia itself.

If forced to expend ammunition at the same rate Ukraine has done, we would run out "in two weeks", he said, adding that the world is a "very different" place to the one of a year ago when the Integrated Review was published. 

The current defence spending aim of 2.5% of GDP is a "peacetime" budget, Mr Ellwood said, pointing out that sending an aircraft carrier through the South China Sea "every couple of years" won't actually change China's behaviour and that Royal Navy strength must be doubled to achieve monthly patrols of the region.

The committee also criticised the Prime Minister's suggestion that "the old concepts of fighting big tank battles on the European landmass… are over" following the scenes of armoured fighting in Ukraine.

Watch: Army's bid to boost reserve numbers.

An MOD spokesperson said: "The Command Paper and Integrated Review put a threat-led approach firmly at the heart of the Ministry of Defence's work.

"We are delivering our vision to support and equip our Armed Forces, including the need to invest for the long term in vital capabilities such as future fighter jets, nuclear submarines and more advanced tanks. This is bolstered by the £24bn settlement over four years.

"We are proud of our personnel and the work they do across the world, including the withdrawal from Afghanistan and our ongoing support for Ukraine.

"We are acutely aware that our nation's resilience is crucial and we will continue to adapt our strategy and response to meet emerging threats and challenges," the spokesperson added.