Russia

How Russian forces are using drones against Ukraine

Russian drones are fitted with cell-site simulators which mimic mobile phone masts to pinpoint mobile signals.

Russia has been using drones in its conflict with Ukraine, but its tactics have differed from its previous military operations in Syria.

Security and defence journalist Elisabeth Gosselin-Malo has said that they have used their drones "primarily to find out the locations and where to strike Ukraine".

Using a Soviet-era tactic, a target drone surveys the territory in order to have a better understanding of where the supply storages and primary postings of Ukraine are – providing them with a 'map' of where they are.

Elisabeth Gosselin-Malo added that once the intelligence is acquired through the usage of the drone, the Russians will "bate Ukrainians into revealing their positions more", and then use that moment to strike.

Ukraine has also implemented the use of drones, having purchased combat drones from Turkey, which have had apparent success in targeting Russian convoys.

Russian drones are fitted with cell-site simulators which mimic mobile phone masts to pinpoint mobile signals, tricking phones into connecting and giving away their location.

In Ukraine, it is known that the Russians are using the Leer-3 electronic warfare system – comprised of two drones and a command truck – as a means to locate Ukrainian forces.

Watch: Have drones from Turkey helped Ukraine in their fight against Russian forces?

Ms Gosselin-Malo believes it is true, and "not new" knowledge to think drones have revolutionised how wars are being conducted and fought.

She said: "What is new is the technology that these drones have, which every year is increasing being developed, increasingly being advanced.

"So now we have these systems that 10 years ago we wouldn't have even imagined."