During the Second World War 55,000 allied troops were killed in an attempt to overcome German defences in southern Italy.
In 1944, among the many battles fought was the battle for Monte Cassino, where the German Army used the hilltop monastery for their defence system.
Since WW2 British troops have been based in Italy - these days in Naples as part of the NATO Joint Force Command.
Many of the troops based there take the journey to Cassino to pay their respects to those lost and to visit the many cemeteries of remembrance.
Royal Lancer Lt Col Andrew Brodie spoke to our reporter Shirley Swain during a visit to the area.