Aircraft

What Is The Typhoon Aircraft?

From 2035, the Typhoon is set to be replaced by the RAF's next generation combat aircraft, the Tempest.

The RAF Typhoon FGR.Mk 4 is a multi-role combat aircraft.

The Eurofighter Typhoon entered service with the Royal Air Force in 2003 and went on to be at the forefront of operations. 

Based at RAF Lossiemouth and RAF Coningsby, they are capable of being deployed for the full spectrum of air operations including air policing, peace support and high-intensity conflict.

The RAF received its first operational squadrons at Coningsby, Lincolnshire, in 2004.

The Royal Air Force has the largest fleet of Eurofighter Typhoons with the 100th aircraft delivered to No 1 (Fighter) Squadron at RAF Leuchars in January 2013.

According to the RAF, the Typhoon's most essential role is for Quick Reaction Alert for UK and Falkland Islands airspace.

Detachments have also reinforced NATO air defence in the Baltic and Black Sea regions.

An RAF Typhoon painted in a full Union Flag colour scheme was unveiled at RAF Coningsby last month (Picture: RAF).

Which countries use the Typhoon?

It is used by nine squadrons in the RAF as well as the Typhoon Display Team based at RAF Coningsby.

The Eurofighter Typhoon is part of the air forces in nine countries: the UK's RAF, Germany, Italy, Spain, Austria, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and Qatar.

What missions are RAF Typhoons involved in?

In April, RAF Typhoon jets arrived in Romania to begin the UK's pre-planned NATO Air Policing mission.

From Mihail Kogălniceanu airbase on the Black Sea Coast, the jets help protect the alliance's airspace in the region.

Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) Typhoons recently scrambled to intercept Russian jets over the North Sea.

The RAF also used Typhoons to conduct air strikes in northern Iraq using Storm Shadow missiles for the first time and Paveway IV bombs during Operation Shader in Syria.

With its multi-role capability and variety of weapons, the Typhoon FGR4 is capable of engaging numerous target types.

It is armed with an internal 27mm Mauser cannon; ASRAAM, Meteor and AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles, Enhanced Paveway II and Paveway IV precision-guided bombs and Storm Shadow and Brimstone air-to-ground missiles.

WATCH: RAF Typhoons intercept Russian aircraft over the Baltic Sea last year.

For ground attack and close air support missions, the Typhoon is compatible with Enhanced Paveway II and Paveway IV bombs and Brimstone guided missiles.

The future of the Typhoon

An RAF Typhoon painted in a full Union Flag colour scheme was unveiled at RAF Coningsby last month.

The aircraft will be used at air shows both at home and overseas in the 2021 and 2022 display seasons.

The RAF's Typhoon jets completed a three-year upgrade in 2019 providing the fighters with the latest missile and software performance.

From 2035, the Typhoon is set to be replaced by the RAF's next-generation combat aircraft, the Tempest.

As much as £2bn will be invested in the project.

Eurofighter Typhoon FGR MK 4

Specifications:

  • Height: 17ft 1¼in (5.29m)
  • Length: 52ft 4¼in (15.96m)
  • Wingspan: 36ft 4¼in (11.09m)
  • Speed: Mach 1.8

WATCH: The new Tempest concept.

Cover image: MOD.