Suicide bombers and vehicle-borne IEDs are just two of the daily threats in the Afghan capital.
Forces News goes behind the scenes, meeting service personnel doing three vital jobs in spite of these threats: training, guardian angel and quick reaction force (QRF).
For eight months, 1 Royal Irish were part of the international Kabul Protection Unit providing transport and security in their Foxhound armoured vehicles.
NATO's Op Resolute Support has remained in Afghanistan to train, advise and assist.
But the Kabul Protection Unit is more than just an armoured taxi service. They help a host of international mentors do their jobs safely, making a difference to Kabul.
There is a real and present danger in Kabul. A high-profile city of 5 million people, a constant target for the Taliban and in more recent times so-called Islamic State.
1 Royal Irish was also NATO's Quick Reaction Force in the city.
They've assisted the Afghan National Defence & Security Forces 3 times this tour. In May they helped with medical evacuations after a huge truck bomb hit, killing 150 people.
This is the 4th time the regiment has been in Afghanistan. Not a single round has been fired on this non-combat tour. It's very different from the Helmand days.
The Royal Irish have now finished their tour and handed over to the Yorkshire Regiment. But they expect to be back on these roads again in 2019, ready to assist the Afghan Forces if needed.
Helicopters of the Toral Aviation Detachment are also a vital way for troops and civilians to move around the Afghan capital, Kabul.
They move 300 passengers a week and fly 180 hours a month.
The Toral Aviation Detachment includes around 80 British service personnel in total, who all work out of the international airport.
Since Op Toral began the Puma crews from RAF Benson have played a vital role – making up 10% of NATO helicopters in the city.
They will remain in Kabul for as long as British troops are training and assisting the Afghan forces.
The central focus of the work being done in Kabul though is training.
Not only is the Afghan Government still fighting the Taliban, they now have the so-called Islamic State to deal with.
British troops stayed on after combat missions ended as advisors, helping with teaching, as well as providing security and transport for the mentors under Op Toral.
More than 2,000 recruits have now passed through the Afghan National Army Officer Academy (ANAOA) – including many women. The academy welcomed its first female company or tolay in 2014.
The programme will focus on our troops on the ground in Kabul at 18:00(BST) exclusively on Forces TV – Freeview channel 96, Sky 264, Freesat 165 and Virgin 277.