Security forces patrol south of Libyan capital Tripoli
World

Libyan Civil War: World Powers Back UN Arms Embargo

At a summit in Berlin, leaders pledged to cease intervention and offering aid to both of the conflict's opposing sides.

Security forces patrol south of Libyan capital Tripoli

Key world powers and the two main rivals in Libya's civil conflict have agreed to respect a United Nations arms embargo.

The conflict pits powerful General Khalifa Haftar, Commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), against the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA).

Both sides were present at the talks, though they were present at the talks in Berlin.

At the peace summit in the German capital, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said delegates had promised to consolidate a ceasefire and had vowed not to give further aid to the warring parties.

After the meeting, Mrs Merkel said leaders backed a peaceful solution in the North African country, and that political rather than military solutions must be found.

Libya has seen large-scale conflict since the uprising in 2011 saw the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.

Foreign powers have taken sides in the conflict - but have now pledged not to interfere.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres PA Images
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says that world powers are committed to a peaceful solution in Libya (Picture: PA).

The LNA is backed by Russia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Jordan. 

Though no ceasefire has been declared in the country, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres noted a shared commitment to preventing further escalation.

However, Mr Guterres also expressed concern over reports forces under General Hafter had closed several key ports and an oil pipeline in Libya.

The country holds Africa's largest oil reserves and, with a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea, has become a gateway from African migration to Europe. 

Upon his arrival at the summit, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the time had come for Libya to "move forward" and for those involved to stop "jockeying for position".

Russia's foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, said Libya's rivals had made a small step forward - but there was still no "serious" dialogue between the prime minister of the UN-backed government and the renegade general, Khalifa Haftar.

Cover image: Security forces patrol south of Libyan capital Tripoli in 2019 (Picture: PA).