Tens of thousands of people have gathered all over the world for dawn services to commemorate the moment when Australian and New Zealand Army Corps troops waded ashore at the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey 103 years ago.
As is tradition, many people rose early to attend dawn services in Australia, New Zealand, France, the UK and Turkey to remember the thousands of people who died during the ill-fated landing.
Gallipoli was Australia and New Zealand’s first major battle of the First World War.
Overall in the campaign from March 1915 to January 1916, the deaths were estimated as:
- 25,000 British
- 10,000 Australian and New Zealand
- 10,000 French
- 86,000 Turkish
In London, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle joined hundreds of Australians and New Zealanders at a dawn service at Wellington Arch.
A handwritten note on wreath said:
"For all those who have made the ultimate sacrifice in pursuit of our freedom. Thank you. Harry"
The couple will later attend a service at Westminster Abbey and Cenotaph Commemoration along with Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson.
Meanwhile in France, Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, his French counterpart Edouard Philippe, and the Prince of Wales marked Anzac Day with a service that also commemorated the 100th anniversary of Australian troops taking the town of Villers-Bretonneux.
On April 24 1918, the Australian 13th and 15th Brigades took part in a counter-attack to recapture Villers-Bretonneux from German forces alongside three British battalions.
The recapture effectively put an end to the Germans' 1918 spring offensive and is described as a crucial turning point in the First World War.