The AWACS, another name for a Boeing E-3, is a flying command and control centre, monitoring hundreds of miles of air space for enemy threats while making sure coalition jets, including the Royal Air Force, are kept safely apart.
However, the aircraft does not direct airstrikes, that's done from the Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC) in Qatar.
Lieutenant Colonel Ratersmann, AWACS aircraft commander, said: "Once we depart from our base in Konya (Turkey), we fly eastbound towards the Turkish border, towards Syria.
"We stay always north of that border within the Turkish airspace, NATO territory.
"Then it takes about an hour to get there, and then we get into an orbit flight, basically a circle, and we stay there for the duration of our mission.
"Once we’re established there, that’s when the mission crew in the back, they do all their stuff and do all their job in the back."
The AWACS was originally designed in the early 1970s and was based on the Boeing 707 airliner.
Inside the AWACS' rotating radome is a massive antenna which provides a complete picture of surrounding airspace.