Gulf War

Op Granby: Can It Be Explained In 60 Seconds?

53,000 British troops were assembled ready for war

It has been 30 years since the start of the 1991 Gulf War and to mark this BFBS Creative have released a video explaining Operation Granby, Britain's code name for military operations during the War, in just 60 seconds.

What Lead To The Start Of The Gulf War?

Iran and Iraq were at war with each other for most of the 1980s and, after the end of that war, Iraq’s relationship with Kuwait became hostile.

Saddam Hussian, leader of Iraq at the time, owed Kuwait $14 billion and he accused them of stealing his oil. Eventually, this taut relationship lead to 600,000 Iraqi troops invading Kuwait on August 2, 1990.

The international community condemned the invasion of Kuwait and diplomatic attempts to resolve the crisis went on for a few months with no clear end in sight. Saddam Hussain was not going to give in.

On November 29, 1991, the United Nations passed 'Resolution 678', asking for Iraqi forces to withdraw and authorising a coalition to use “all necessary means to force Iraq to comply.”

53,000 British troops formed part of the nearly one million personnel who had been assembled ready for war.

WATCH: BFBS Creative took on a mission to explain Operation Granby in just 60 seconds.

Operation Granby In Sixty Seconds:

On January 17, 1991, the Allied forces began bombing Iraqi targets. The Royal Air Force flew 2,500 sorties into Iraq. During the six-week-long air war, 12,000 Iraqi troops and 2,300 civilians were killed.

The British ground forces were given the green light to advance on February 24, 1991. The SAS were the first into action, while the 1st Armoured Division took part in a huge left hook manoeuvre, outflanking the Iraqi forces.

Challenger tanks were involved in several battles, destroying more than 300 Iraqi vehicles.

After four days of fighting the Iraqi forces were cleared from Kuwait, however, the retreating Iraqis set fire to hundreds of oil wells which created huge fires.

Ultimately the allies suffered 290 deaths during the fighting, with 41 being British. It is estimated that 10,000 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the ground offensive.

The fighting came to an end on February 28, 1991. Kuwait had been liberated and a ceasefire agreement was signed.

Although some thought they could have done more to remove Saddam Hussain as he remained in power for another 12 years.

You can find more of BFBS Creative's video series here.